lit-html is available from the npm registry. If you’re already using npm to manage dependencies, you can use lit-html much like any other JavaScript library you install from npm. This section describes some additional tools or plugins you might want to add to your workflow to make it easier to work with lit-html.

lit-html is delivered as a set of JavaScript modules. If you aren’t already using JavaScript modules in your project, you may need to add a couple of steps to your development and build workflow.


The simplest way to add lit-html to a project is to install it from the npm registry.

  1. If you’re starting a brand-new project, run the following command in your project area to set up npm:

     npm init

    Respond to the prompts to set up your project. You can hit return to accept the default values.

  2. Install lit-html.

     npm i lit-html
  3. If you’re working on a project with many front-end dependencies, you may want to use the npm dedupe command to try and reduce duplicated modules:

    npm dedupe


During the development phase, you might want the following tools:

IDE plugins

There are a number of IDE plugins that may be useful when developing with lit-html. In particular, we recommend using a code highlighter that works with lit-html style templates. In addition, we recommend using a linter like ESLint that supports modern JavaScript.

VSCode plugin

TypeScript plugin (works with Sublime and Atom)

More plugins

The awesome-lit-html repo lists other IDE plugins.

Linter plugins

ESLint is recommended for linting lit-html code. The following ESLint plugin can be added to check for some common issues in lit-html templates:

Dev server

lit-html is packaged as JavaScript modules. Many developers prefer to import modules using node-style module identifiers, which aren’t supported yet by browsers. To run in the browser, these module identifiers need to be transformed to browser-ready module identifiers. The Polymer dev server, which is part of the Polymer CLI, performs this transformation on the fly, so you can preview your project during development without a build step. Another alternative is the Open Web Components Dev Server (owc-dev-server).

If you’re using webpack for your build process, you can also use the webpack dev server.

Polymer Dev Server

Install the Polymer CLI:

npm i -g polymer-cli

Run the dev server:

polymer serve

The Polymer CLI was designed to help develop, test, and build projects using web components, JavaScript modules and other features of the modern web platform. It’s not required for lit-html development, but it provides several handy utilities.

Open Web Components Dev Server

The Open Web Components project produces a dev server that handles remapping node-style modules to browser-style modules.

For full installation and usage instructions, see the open-wc website.


lit-html doesn’t have many special testing requirements. If you already have a testing setup, it should work fine as long as it supports working with JavaScript modules (and node-style module specifiers, if you use them).

Web Component Tester (WCT) is an end-to-end testing environment that supports node-style module specifiers. works with the Mocha testing framework and (optionally) the Chai assertion library. There are two ways to add WCT to your project:

Alternately, you can also use the Karma test runner. The Open Web Components recommendations includes a Karma setup that resolves module dependencies by bundling with webpack before running tests.


Build tools take your code and make it production-ready. Among the things you may need build tools to do:

Many build tools can do this for you. Currently we recommend the Polymer CLI or webpack.

The Polymer CLI includes a set of build tools that can handle lit-html with minimal configuration.

webpack is a powerful build tool with a large ecosystem of plugins. The Open Web Components project provides a default configuration for webpack that works well for lit-html and LitElement.

Other tools such as Rollup can work, too. If you’re using another tool or creating your own webpack configuration, see the section on Build considerations for other tools.

Build your project with Polymer CLI

Originally developed to work with the Polymer library, the Polymer CLI can handle build duties for a variety of projects. It’s not as flexible and extensible as webpack or Rollup, but it requires minimal configuration.

To build your project with the Polymer CLI, first install the Polymer CLI:

npm i -g polymer-cli

Create a polymer.json file in your project folder. A simple example would look like this:

  "entrypoint": "index.html",
  "shell": "src/myapp.js",
  "sources": [
  "extraDependencies": [
  "builds": [
    {"preset": "es6-bundled"}

This configuration specifies that the app has an HTML entrypoint called index.html, has a main JavaScript file (app shell) called src/myapp.js. It will produce a single build, bundled but not transpiled to ES5. For details on the polymer.json file, see polymer.json specification on the Polymer library site.

To build the project, run the following command in your project folder:

polymer build

For more on building with Polymer CLI, see Build for production in the Polymer library docs.

Build your project with webpack

See the Open Web Components default webpack configuration provides a great starting point for building projects that use lit-html. See their webpack page for instructions on getting started.

Build considerations for other tools

If you’re creating your own configuration for webpack, Rollup, or another tool, here are some factors to consider:

Transpilation and module transform

You build tools need to transpile ES6 features to ES5 for legacy browsers.

If you’re working in TypeScript, the TypeScript compiler can generate different output for different browsers.

Your build tools need to accept JavaScript modules (also called ES modules) and transform them to another module format, such as UMD, if necessary. If you use node-style module specifiers, your build will also need to transform them to browser-ready modules specifiers.

Template minification

As part of the build process, you’ll probably want to minify the HTML templates. Most HTML minifiers don’t support HTML inside template literals, as used by lit-html, so you’ll need to use a build plugin that supports minifying lit-html templates. Minifying lit-html templates can improve performance by reducing the number of nodes in a template.